Integrity Legal

19th August

It recently came to this blogger’s attention that the Department of Special Investigations in Thailand have undertaken a raid on various offices of those reportedly engaged in the maintenance of corporate structures utilized for the sole purpose of allowing foreigners to enjoy use of Thai real estate. The text of the announcement from DSI was originally published in Thai. We have undertaken a translation of the announcement in order to provide clarity for what could be considered an important issue for expats in Thailand. The translation is below:

DSI in collaboration with the Institute of Communication Science and the Board of Investment are currently investigating a group of Law Offices in the Phuket, Suratthani and Bangkok area that seem engaged in ‘camouflaged’ corporate structures acting as nominees on behalf of foreign shareholders.

As per government policy to actively pursue foreign investors using Thai nominee companies to own land in order to protect the nation’s interests.  On the 15th of August 2018, Police Colonel Paisit Wongsmuang, the head of DSI; and Police Major Suriya Singhokmol, his second in command; in collaboration with The Institute of Communication Science and the Board of Investment obtained a warrant to search 4 offices as follows:

  1. The first team led by Piya Watnawarangul (special agent investigating civil embezzlement) searched the premises of the Office’s Phuket Branch located at 393/4-5 Moo 1 Soi Bantao 1 Srisuntorn Rd., Chengtalay Subdistrict Thalang District, Phuket.  The premises appeared to be the work place of the Thai Nominees and a suspected location for falsifying documents for the purpose of camouflaging nominee activities.
  2. The second team led by Worapoj Maihom, searched the premises of the Office’s accounting branch located at 123/9 Moo 5 Chengtalay Subdistrict Thlang District, Phuket.  The office appeared to provide accounting services for the Nominee companies.
  3. The third team led by Jakrapop Klinhom searched the premises of the firm’s Samui branch office located at 17/10 Moo 1 Taweeratpakdee Borpud Sub district, Koh Samu District, Suratthani .  The premises were apparently the work place of the Thai Nominees and a suspected location for falsifying documents for the purpose of camouflaging nominee activities.
  4. The fourth team led by Mr. Taweewat Surasit, searched the premises of the Bangkok Branch located at Rajanakarn Building, 3 Floor AA Sathorn Rd, Yannawa Subdistrict, Sathorn District Bangkok, and the work place of the Foreign Managing Directors.

The search yielded copies of documentation, computer data and hardware that will be used as evidence in court proceedings.

Additional information found at each premises showed that the foreign investors seemingly purchased over 80 plots of real estate, consisting of land, vacation homes and houses.

Sources also reveal that the firms seem engaged in nominee activities that allow a large number of foreign investors to buy and sell land in Southern Thailand such as Surat Thani, Pangna, Phuket and Krabi with such activities grossing over 2 billion baht per year.

The investigation has found that the group has used Thai employees to incorporate Thai companies.  These Thai Corporate Entities in turn are used to hold shares in other companies for the purpose of allowing foreign investors to buy land.  These activities are in violation of the foreign business act (1999).  Using Nominees to hold land on behalf of foreign persons or entities has a negative impact on national interests and the real estate industry.  DSI will continue to actively pursue and shutdown such activities.

Please note that the above translation should not be viewed as a definitive interpretation of the underlying announcement and is solely for informational purposes. It should also be noted that the matter has yet to be fully settled via adjudication and the final outcome of the case remains to be seen.

The reader of this posting should note that Thai authorities are becoming increasingly efficient and sophisticated in their law enforcement endeavors. This is clear from the increasing number of immigration raids and the heightened scrutiny of officers throughout the Thai civil bureaucracy on issues ranging from revenue assessment to traffic ordinances. Clearly, it is a time to be mindful not only of the formalities inherent in the letter of relevant laws, but the policy considerations which embody the spirit of those laws as well.

9th August

In recent months, the rules upon which the regime for issuing and maintaining Thai work permits and visas have been undergoing some changes. However, the permanence of these changes remains to be seen and the practical implications of these changes are also open to speculation. Hopefully the following posting with provide some clarification with respect to where work permit and visa rules currently stand.

Work Permit Restrictions Appear to be Loosened

Since the promulgation of the Emergency decrees regarding work permits in Thailand analysts seem increasingly convinced that regulations regarding time, place, and manner of work in Thailand have loosened. In the past, Thai work permit regulations (and the enforcement agencies associated therewith) viewed the rules very strictly when it came to the specific locations where foreigners could undertake labor, the specific functions foreigners could perform, and the timing of when a foreign worker could begin working. For example, foreign temporary workers had to await issuance of a work permit book or temporary work document in order to begin working. Meanwhile, those issued with long term work permits were at one time restricted to performing their job only within the premises of the business acting as the work permit sponsor. Later, the geographic scope of labor endeavor was expanded to allow foreigners to undertake work throughout a specific province in Thailand. However, under any circumstances the foreign national with work authorization had to be circumspect in their endeavors as the work activities they undertook had to fall within the boundaries of the job description specified within the provisions of the work permit itself.

Pursuant to the provisions of the second emergency decree regarding the management of foreign workers in Thailand it appears that many of the restrictions regarding geographic scope of activity have been lifted. Meanwhile, the strict scrutiny of job functions appears to be a thing of the past as well (although a list of occupations restricted to Thai nationals is still in force so long as the activity in question is not specifically in violation of that list the foreign worker should be free from sanction). Furthermore, it appears that certain temporary workers who are brought into Thailand for a short period of time may be able to perform their function in a much more immediate manner compared to the past as, depending upon circumstances and subject to the aforementioned list of restricted activity, many workers may be able to immediately begin performing their functions.

The Return of the One Year Multiple Entry Visa?

It would seem that there is another possible change to Thai regulations regarding work authorization and business visas in Thailand. Apparently, regulations now stipulate that some of those working for a foreign company in Thailand (such as a Representative Office) are no longer required to obtain a work permit. This new exemption apparently only extends to Directors of such organizations. Furthermore, it appears that so-called Amity Treaty Companies (those corporations certified as American and therefore accorded protections pursuant to the US-Thai Treaty of Amity) are now subject to such exemption. Under such circumstances the directors of such companies are able to apply for a 1 year multiple entry visa from their country of origin. As of the time of this writing, this blogger has yet to personally deal with a matter arising under these new rule changes, but the creation of new immigration options is always noteworthy. It should be noted that these regulatory changes appear to be exclusive to Labor matters. Thai immigration regulations have not changed with respect to the rules regarding visa extension in the Kingdom. At the present time a work permit appears to still be required for those wishing to remain in the Kingdom long term via a Thai business visa extension application.

5th July

It would appear that Thailand is not the only jurisdiction which is tightening immigration regulations and enforcement. In recent weeks, an announcement from the agency which oversees immigration matters is likely to have a significant impact upon future immigrants and non-immigrants alike. For example, in a recent press release from the United States Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS) it was noted that certain non-immigrants such as J-1, F-1, and M-1 visa holders will no longer be granted an effective reprieve from accruing unlawful presence in the USA through use of so-called “duration of status” exemption.

What is “duration of status”? Duration of status (also referred to as “DS”, “D of S”, or D/S in certain immigration circles) refers to the status by which certain non-immigrant are admitted into the United States. In this blogger’s opinion it was designed to streamline immigration functions as certain exchange visitor programs and course curricula do not necessarily have a definite end date (this is especially the case with so-called practicum courses following after a more organized academic schedule). Due to the fact that it is somewhat difficult to nail down policymakers allowed for “duration of status” to act as a sort of floating grace period. In the past, those admitted in this status were unable to accrue unlawful presence once admitted even where a course or other reason for admission had clearly terminated. This lead to what some would describe as abuse of the system. This was simply a “loophole” in the rules that allowed such individuals to obtain later immigration benefits without the need to worry about an finding of inadmissibility for overstay since unlawful presence could not ever be determined. Pursuant to a recent announcement from USCIS this appears to be changing. To quote directly from the USCIS website:

Individuals in F, J, or M status who fail to maintain their status on or after Aug. 9, 2018, will start accruing unlawful presence on the earliest of any of the following:

  • The day after they no longer pursue the course of study or the authorized activity, or the day after they engage in an unauthorized activity;
  • The day after completing the course of study or program, including any authorized practical training plus any authorized grace period;
  • The day after the I-94 expires; or
  • The day after an immigration judge, or in certain cases, the BIA, orders them excluded, deported, or removed (whether or not the decision is appealed).

This change in policy will have a significant impact upon those who have been admitted to the USA in one of the above categories. Moreover, those previously admitted in duration of status who are no longer pursuing the program for which they were admitted are well advised to consult an immigration attorney soon in order to understand their options. Obviously, failure to remain in lawful status could harm future applications for further immigration benefits pursuant to the forthcoming rule change. It seems logical to infer that more findings of accrued unlawful presence are likely to be made in future immigration cases and in that case such matters will only be remedied through use of an I-601 waiver petition.

7th June

As noted in the prior entry on this blog, Thai immigration policies, procedures, and enforcement protocols are in a state of flux. This entry will attempt to provide a sort of round up regarding the recent developments with respect to changes in the Thai Immigration apparatus.

In recent weeks, there have been further crackdowns on visa violators. Most notably, there have been raids which have netted a number of foreign nationals either physically present in Thailand while on overstay or present in Thailand with no evidence that the nationals in question had ever been lawfully admitted to the Kingdom in the first place. It seems that this trend of conducting raids at venues where illegal aliens may be present is set to continue. It is notable that schools of all types are being included in such raids.

Furthermore, where once the bureaucracy associated with accepting and processing visa applications (particularly Business visa applications) seemed primarily concerned with simply ascertaining whether the formalities required to secure a visa or visa extension were in place. Now, Immigration authorities and adjudicating officers seem to be prioritizing heightened scrutiny of Thai visa applications.  This is having the effect of seeing further requests for documentation especially in business visa extension applications. This change in attitude also has an investigative component as it seems to be required that all new B visa extension applicants be subjected to inspection by Thai Immigration officers.

Increased enforcement activity has not been confined only to Business visas in recent weeks. In fact, it seems further scrutiny of Thai O visa applications is likely in the future especially in light of authorities recently uncovering what would appear to have been an ongoing scheme to defraud the immigration system though use of sham marriages in Thailand. Although not directly attributable to concern over sham marriages the fact is that fewer and fewer Multiple Entry O visas are being issued by Thai Embassies and Consulates abroad when compared to times past. It is this blogger’s personal opinion that the decline in the number of such visas issued is directly attributable to the fact that Thai Immigration authorities are seeking to scrutinize those living in the Kingdom on a permanent basis and multiple entry visas do not accord them the level of scrutiny as would exist in the adjudication of an O visa extension.

It has been this blogger’s observation that many expats in Thailand take the position that efforts like these eventually fade into the background as the initial zealousness of those undertaking these policies and enforcement measures wanes. However, to assume that these new policies of heightened scrutiny and increased enforcement activities will “just go away” would fail to take into consideration the fact Thai Immigration authorities seem very keen on implementing long term policies and utilizing technology which will preclude regressive tendencies in the system moving forward.

5th May

For at least 2 years, Thai immigration officials have been ramping up their efforts to improve Immigration and visa policy. We have seen a substantial change in the attitude toward Thai tourist visa issuance as well as Immigration protocols associated therewith. This has especially been the case where those foreigners utilizing tourist visas are suspected of using such travel documents in order to live and work illegally in the Kingdom. Meanwhile, changes to the rules regarding so called “Visa runs”or “border runs” have resulted, as a practical matter, in an immigration apparatus that operates in a wholly different way than it once did.

While the above paragraph describes the changes in the laws, rules, and regulations related to Thai visas, it does not speak to issues involving enforcement of immigration law in the Kingdom as enforcement measures had largely remained unchanged during the time of the legal transitions discussed above: until recently. While the “Good Guys in Bad Guys Out” initiative describes a change in paradigm within the institutions charged with maintaining Thailand’s Immigration apparatus, the “Operation Outlaw Foreigner” and “Operation X-Ray Outlaw Foreigner” programs represent concrete steps taken by Immigration law enforcement officials to confront visa violators and deal with them accordingly. In recent months, an unprecedented number of raids at unprecedented types of venues have taken place in an effort to track down foreigners who are overstaying in Thailand or utilizing visas otherwise meant for recreational pursuits in Thailand to engage in unauthorized employment or as a means for undertaking criminal activity in the Kingdom. These raids have resulted in the arrest and deportation of thousands of foreign nationals.

In the rather recent past, those who maintained lawful non-immigrant status in the Kingdom could generally breathe easily knowing that Immigration officials’ primary targets in immigration crackdowns were: those in the country in overstay status, pretextual tourist visa status, or prolonged visa exemption status. However, recent weeks have shown that immigration officials are placing increased scrutiny upon those who could be considered otherwise lawfully present in the Kingdom on a non-immigrant Education visa. ED visas have been used by many to remain in the Kingdom in order to pursue a course of study. However, Immigration authorities seem to be increasingly of the opinion that such travel documents are being used as a pretext for living in the Kingdom and that the educational endeavor is in fact a sham. Whether this assumption is warranted likely depends upon the underlying circumstances, but this is not the point. Instead, it should be noted that scrutiny such as this represents a substantial change in mindset with respect to immigration officers as such individuals were, at one time, generally satisfied when a non-immigrant visa was produced, but it now seems as though such providence may no longer suffice when attempting to terminate an investigation into one’s status as providence of an ED visa may result in further scrutiny and possible revocation of the visa if it is determined that it is being used as a pretext.

A final noteworthy development: it seems that immigration authorities are now collecting relevant bio-metric data from those foreigners apprehended in the Kingdom for Immigration or criminal violations. In fact, it has been reported that fingerprints, facial recognition, and even DNA collection protocols may be utilized to create a database to track those who have been processed through the immigration system in an effort to track and likely enforce blacklisting measures prospectively.

Those reading this posting are well advised to note that the official attitude toward Immigration matters in Thailand has changed. The once lax enforcement attitude is a thing of the past and if recent reports are any indication, it seems likely that the immigration system will be increasingly stringent in the future.

17th April

In recent months, this blogger has dealt with a number of cases involving Thai visa applications at a Thai Embassy or Consulate abroad. Furthermore, after initial visa issuance there have been a number of cases involving Thai visa extensions. In nearly every case the process of obtaining the initial visa or extending the previously issued visa has seemed to be more difficult when compared to the past. This blogger has discussed this issue with other expatriates and long term visitors in Thailand and the general consensus seems to conclude that immigration matters are becoming more difficult in the Kingdom. A valid question to ask: is this true? The answer: yes, at least to some degree. While it does not appear that those seeking visas through the One-Stop visa and work permit facilities are particularly burdened by increased document scrutiny and more stringent policy enforcement, although those able to seek benefits in the One-Stop facilities generally would not be particularly “borderline” cases and therefore may not need to fret over increased scrutiny anyway. It does appear that current immigration protocols have had the effect, whether intended or not, of making the process comparatively more difficult to undergo.

It should be noted that processing a visa application through a Thai Consulate abroad or seeking an extension at an immigration office in Thailand is by no means impossible. However, without assiduous compilation of requisite documentation, careful recordation of relevant photographic evidence, and, in some cases, assistance of competent accounting professionals well-versed in the necessities of Thai immigration officials the task of extending a visa can seem virtually insurmountable. There are those who pose the question: does there appear to be any point in the future where these difficulties may ease up? This blogger’s answer: no. Since the advent of the “Good Guys in Bad Guys Out” initiative, immigration officials in multiple regions and in multiple roles have made it clear that relevant regulations will be strictly adhered to while the use of discretion will be curtailed. If anything, it appears that the overarching stringency may spread to other realms which impact foreigners in Thailand. In fact, it recently came to this blogger’s attention that Labor Ministry officials are not as readily issuing 1 year work permits as they once were. Meanwhile, Thai Embassies and Consulates that were once rather lax in issuing long term multiple entry visas for Thailand have either stopped completely, or vastly curtailed the criteria under which such visas would be issued.

The immigration apparatus of Thailand is increasingly looking more and more like those of its counterparts in the West and although many westerners travel to Thailand and complain about the stringency of immigration policy in the Kingdom it still should be noted that Thai Immigration regulations are still, generally speaking, more relaxed than those of the home countries of many of the aggrieved arrivals.

6th March

In recent weeks, certain sectors of the internet as well as the administration of this blog have been attempting to predict the trajectory of the issues surrounding both cryptocurrency regulation (and the exchanges associated therewith) as well as the more specific issue of regulatory oversight with respect to Initial Coin Offerings or ICOs in Thailand. As of the time of this writing, specific provisions of either an enacted or proposed regulatory framework remain to be seen. However, according to a recent article in the Bangkok Post entitled SET Drafts Advice for ICO Investment some regulatory agencies are issuing guidelines for the public regarding Initial Coin Offerings as well as cryptocurrency generally. To quote directly from the aforementioned article:

The Stock Exchange of Thailand is preparing guidelines for investment in initial coin offerings so that investors can evaluate ICOs and assess risk and return…ICO transactions are similar to crowdfunding, whereby the issuer presents a business model to investors, but the key differences are that the raised funds are in the form of digital currencies using blockchain technology and the deals are enforced using smart contracts.

In the past there were apparently discussions among Thai officials with regard to the regulation of digital currency as well as the mechanism of promulgating such instruments through usage of ICO mechanisms. At present, relevant regulators have yet to produce a framework under which creation of new digital currency will be regulated in Thailand. Furthermore, the creation of so-called “smart contracts” have yet to be substantively addressed in either a regulatory context or through any type of judicial opinion. In short: the technology is quite cutting edge and, as in most cases regarding the law and technology, the legal system and regulators are playing a sort of game akin to “catch up”. To Thai regulators’ credit: this issue is one that has only come to the foreground quite recently and it involves technology and practices that relatively few are well versed in dealing with. Therefore, some amount of delay is not unreasonable. In fact, it may be necessary in order to ultimately promulgate a lasting regulatory framework.

As of the time of this writing some developments have occurred with respect to digital currency and the exchanges associated therewith. Most notably, the Bank of Thailand recently requested that certain banks refrain from facilitating banking functions associated with digital currency exchange. In connection with this news there has been speculation that any future regulations will contain requirements such as “Know Your Customer” rules requiring exchanges to be fully apprised of their customer’s identity’s (and perhaps business endeavors?) although a detailed copy of any regulations remain to be seen. As matters pertaining to digital currency continue to remain opaque from a legal standpoint in Thailand, the administration of this blog will continue to provide updates on the matter as and when necessary in an effort to provide up to date information regarding what has proven to be both a dynamic and legally nettlesome issue.

6th February

It has recently been announced that the Trump administration is creating a new “National Vetting Center”. The following article is intended to shed light on what this institution is designed to do and how it will fit into the overall immigration process.

It should first be noted that the National Vetting Center should not be confused with the preexisting National Visa Center which acts as a sort of clearing house and central repository for documentation pertaining to visa applications through the Department of State. The National Visa Center’s function is to gather relevant documentation and forward cases to the appropriate US Embassy or US Consulate for visa interview scheduling.

The National Vetting Center would seem to have a different mandate, although not altogether different as both institutions deal with matters pertaining to US Immigration. In an effort to provide further insight it is necessary to cite a recent article from the website of USA Today:

The National Vetting Center will be run by the Department of Homeland Security with assistance from the intelligence community and the departments of State, Justice and Defense. Its mission: To “collect, store, share, disseminate, and use” a broad range of information about people who seek to enter the United States, with a goal of identifying people who may be a threat to national security or public safety. “This is yet another step towards knowing who is coming to the United States — that they are who they say they are and that they do not pose a threat to our nation,” said Homeland Security Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen in a statement.

Although disregarded by some at the time as overreacting, this blogger has noted in prior discussion of so-called extreme vetting policy that although it was initially discussed in a very narrow geographical and situational context the establishment of the National Vetting Center and the presumption that all future US Immigration processing will involve said institution shows that this policy will have broad ramifications for all visa applicants.

What does this mean for the timing of US visa applications? At this time it is too soon to say whether the addition of National Vetting Center protocols will result in slower processing times. However, it stands to reason that adding an entirely new institutional bureaucracy to the overall immigration framework will result in at least some delays in the processing of petitions and applications.

As has been discussed previously on this blog and through some of our firm’s videos: the Trump administration’s policies with respect to Immigration could have wide ranging and long lasting ramifications for those seeking visas in the future. Furthermore, if a deal can be reached with respect to Comprehensive Immigration Reform it looks as though the era of so-called “chain migration” (allowing extended family of Lawful Permanent Residents and American citizens to seek visa benefits)  and the visa lottery will likely come to an end.

7th December

Khmer language translation of the video found here: ទិដ្ឋាការ​ប្រភេទ​ K-1 ពី​ប្រទេស​កម្ពុជា៖

នៅ​ក្នុង​វីដេអូ​នេះ យើង​នឹង​ពិភាក្សា​អំពី​ទិដ្ឋាការ​ប្រភេទ​ K-1 សំរាប់​គូដណ្ដឹង ​ក្នុង​បរិបទ​នៃ​ការ​ដំណើរ​ការ​របស់ការិយាល័យ​កុងស៊ុល​នៃ​​ស្ថានទូត​សហរដ្ឋ​អាមេរិក​ប្រចាំ​នៅរាជធានី​ភ្នំពេញនៃ​ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រ​កម្ពុជា ។

សំរាប់​អ្នក​ដែល​បាន​ចូល​មក​កាន់​ទំព័រ​របស់​យើង ហើយ​បាន​ឃើញ​វីដេអូ​មួយ​ចំនួន​របស់​យើង​ហើយ អ្នក​ប្រហែល​ជា​ដឹង​ហើយ​ថា​យើង​មាន​ទីតាំង​នៅ​ក្នុង​ទីក្រុង​បាងកកនៃ​ប្រទេស​ថៃ ។ យើង​ធ្វើ​ការ​ដោះស្រាយជា​​ចម្បង​លើ​សំណុំរឿង​អន្តោប្រវេសន៍ ។ ជា​ទូទៅ​គឺ​សំរាប់​ជនជាតិ​ថៃ​អាមេរិកាំង ហើយ​យើង​ធ្វើ​ការ​រត់​ការ​សំណុំរឿង​ជាច្រើន​ពាក់ព័ន្ធ​នឹង​សំណុំរឿង​អន្តោប្រវេសន៍សំរាប់​គ្រួសារ​អាមេរិក ទិដ្ឋាការ​ប្រភេទ​គូដណ្ដឹង ទិដ្ឋាការប្រភេទ​រៀបការ ។ល។

ដោយ​សារ​យើង​មាន​ទីតាំង​ស្ថិត​នៅ​ក្នុងទី​ក្រុង​បាងកក មិន​មែន​មាន​ន័យ​ថា​យើង​ធ្វើ​ការ​ផ្ដាច់​មុខ​លើរឿង​អន្តោប្រវេសន៍​អាមេរិក​​តែនៅ​ក្នុង​ប្រទេស​នេះ នោះ​ទេ ។ វា​គួរ​អោយ​ចាប់​អារម្មណ៍​ដែរ ដែល​មេធាវីអន្តោប្រវេសន៍ជា​ច្រើនដែល​ធ្វើ​ការ​នៅ​សហរដ្ឋ​អាមេរិក​ហាក់​ដូច​ជាធ្វើ​ការ​ជាមួយ​អតិថិជន​ចំរុះ​ជាតិសាសន៍ ប៉ុន្តែ​ផ្ទុយ​ទៅ​វិញ​ យើង​នៅ​ទី​ក្រុង​បាងកក​នេះ ហាក់​ដូច​ជា​ធ្វើ​ការ​តែ​ជាមួយ​​ជនជាតិ​ថៃ​ ។ ទោះ​បី​ជា​យ៉ាង​ណា​ក៏​ដោយ ខ្ញុំ​ក៏​ធ្លាប់​បាន​ធ្វើ​ការជាមួយ​សំណុំរឿងមួយចំនួនដែរ​ដែល​​ពាក់​ព័ន្ធ​នឹង​ស្ថានទូត​សហរដ្ឋ​អាមេរិក​ប្រចាំ​នៅរាជធានី​ភ្នំពេញនៃ​ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រ​កម្ពុជាដែរ​ ដោយសារ​តែ​ប្រទេស​នេះ​នៅ​ជិត​ប្រទេស​ថៃ ។ សំរាប់​អ្នក​ដោយ​ចាប់​អារម្មណ៍​លើ​ដំណើរ​ការដោយ​មើល​ពី​ទិដ្ឋភាព​ទូទៅ ជា​ការ​ល្អ​បំផុត​គឺ​អ្នក​គួរ​មើល​ទៅ​លើ​រឿង​នេះ​ជា​២​ដំណាក់​កាល៖ ដំណាក់​កាល​មួយ​គឺ​ពាក់​ព័ន្ធ​នឹង​ក្រសួង​សន្ដិសុខ​មាតុភូមិ ។ ស្ថាប័នអន្តោប្រវេសន៍ ​ហៅ​កាត់​ថា USCIS​ ស្ថិត​នៅ​ក្រោម​ការ​គ្រប់​គ្រង​របស់​ក្រសួង​សន្ដិសុខ​មាតុភូមិ នឹង​ចាប់​ផ្ដើម​ដំបូង​ដោយ​ធ្វើ​ការ​សំរេច​យល់​ព្រម​លើ​ទំរង់បែបបទធានា I-129F ។ ពាក្យ​ធានា​នេះ គឺ​ជា​ចំនុច​ចាប់​ផ្ដើម​ដំបូង​នៃ​ដំណើរ​ការ​នេះ ។ អ្នក​ត្រូវ​ដាក់​ពាក្យ​ធានា ហើយ​អ្នក​ត្រូវ​តែ​ទទួល​បាន​ការ​សំរេច​យល់​ព្រម​ពី​ USCIS​ នៃ​ក្រសួង​សន្ដិសុខ​មាតុភូមិ មុនពេល​ដែល​អ្នក​អាច​បន្ត​ដំណើរ​ការ​ជាមួយ​នឹង​ទិដ្ឋាការ​ប្រភេទ​ K-1 រប​ស់​អ្នក​ ។ បន្ទាប់​ពី​ទទួល​បាន​ការ​​សំរេច​យល់​ព្រមលើ​ពាក្យ​ធានា​របស់​អ្នក​ហើយ យើង​នឹង​និយាយ​អំពី​តំរូវ​ការ​លំអិត​ពាក់​ព័ន្ធ​នឹង​ពាក្យ​ធានា ។ អ្វី​ដែល​ត្រូវ​កំណត់​ចំណាំ​ជាង​គេ​បំផុត​នោះ​ គឺ​ដៃ​គូ​ដែល​ដាក់​ពាក្យ​ធានាទាំង​ពីរ​នាក់​​ត្រូវ​តែ​នៅ​ទំនេរ​និង​អាច​រៀប​ការ​បានដោយ​ស្របច្បាប់​ នៅ​ពេល​ដែល​ពាក្យ​ធានា​ត្រូវ​បាន​ដាក់​ ។ លើស​ពី​នេះ​ទៅ​ទៀត ភាគីទាំង​ពីរ​ត្រូវធ្លាប់​បាន​ជួប​គ្នា​ផ្ទាល់​ក្នុង​កំឡុង​ពេល​២ឆ្នាំមុន​ពេល​ដែល​ពួក​គេ​ដាក់​ពាក្យ​ធានា​សុំ​ទិដ្ឋាការ​ប្រភេទ​ K-1 ។ រឿង​ដែល​សំខាន់​ជាង​គេ​ដែល​ត្រូវ​ចាំគឺ «អ្នក​ត្រូវ​តែ​នៅ​ទំនេរ​និង​អាច​រៀប​ការបាន​ដោយ​ស្របច្បាប់ ។ អ្នក​មិន​អាច​ស្ថិត​នៅ​ក្នុង​ស្ថានភាព​កំពុង​លែង​លះនោះ​ទេ ។ អ្នក​​ត្រូវតែ​លែង​លះ​រួច​រាល់​ហើយ ប្រសិន​បើអ្នក​មាន​ប្ដី​ឬ​ប្រពន្ធ​មុន ។ ​អ្នក​ត្រូវ​តែ​នៅ​ទំនេរ​និង​អាច​រៀប​ការ​បានដោយ​ស្របច្បាប់ ហើយ​អ្វី​ដែល​អ្នក​ត្រូវចង​ចាំ ​ដែរ​នោះ​គឺ​ថា​ តំរូវ​ការ​នេះ​អាច​នឹង​មាន​នៅ​ក្នុងយុត្តាធិការ​នៃ​ច្បាប់​សាមញ្ញ ឬ​ពេល​ខ្លះ​ក៏​មាន​នៅ​ក្នុងយុត្តាធិការ​នៃ​​ច្បាប់​រដ្ឋ​ប្បវេណី​ផង​ដែរ ។ អ្នក​មិន​អាច​ស្ថិត​នៅ​ក្នុង​ស្ថានភាព​មាន​ប្ដី​ឬ​ប្រពន្ធ​ នៅពេល​ដំណើរ​ការ​ទិដ្ឋាការ​ប្រភេទ​ K-1 នោះ​ទេ បើ​ទោះ​បី​ជា​អ្នក​ទាំង​ពីរ​ជាប្ដី​ប្រពន្ធ​ក៏​ដោយ ។ អ្នក​ត្រូវ​រង់ចាំ និង​ស្ថិត​នៅ​ក្នង​ស្ថានភាព​ជាគូដណ្ដឹង រហូត​ដល់​គូដណ្ដឹងបរទេសរបស់​អ្នក​ដែល​ក្នុង​សំណុំរឿង​នេះ ជា​ជនជាតិ​ខ្មែរ ចាកចេញ​ពី​រាជធានី​ភ្នំពេញ ទៅ​កាន់​សហរដ្ឋអាមេរិក ហើយ​បន្ទាប់​មក​អ្នក​នឹង​មាន​រយៈពេល​ ៩០​ថ្ងៃ ដើម្បី​រៀប​អាពាហ៍​ពិពាហ៍ និង​ដាក់​ពាក្យ​សុំ​ផ្លាស់​ប្ដូរ​ស្ថានភាព​អន្តោប្រវេសន៍​ ។ ការ​​ផ្លាស់​ប្ដូរ​ស្ថានភាព​អន្តោប្រវេសន៍ គឺ​ជា​ដំណើរ​ការ​មួយ​ផ្សេងទៀត ។ វា​កើតឡើង​បន្ទាប់​ពី​ការ​រៀបការ​នៅ​សហរដ្ឋ​អាមេរិក ។ មាន​វីដេអូ​មួយ​ផ្សេងទៀត​នៅ​ក្នុង​ទំព័រ​នេះ ដែល​ពិភាក្សា​ជាពិសេស​លើ​សេចក្ដី​លំអិត​នៃ​ការ​​ផ្លាស់​ប្ដូរ​ស្ថានភាព​អន្តោប្រវេសន៍ ។ យើង​អាច​និយាយ​បាន​ថា ជា​មូលដ្ឋានវា​គឺ​ជា​ដំណើរ​ការដែល​គូដណ្ដឹងបរទេស​ ដែល​បន្ទាប់​មកនឹង​ក្លាយ​ទៅ​ប្តី​ឬ​ប្រពន្ធ នឹង​ទទួល​បាន​សិទ្ធិ​ជាអ្នក​រស់​នៅ​ជា​អចិន្ត្រៃយ៍​ដោយ​ស្របច្បាប់ ឬ​ដែល​ត្រូ​វ​បាន​គេ​ស្គាល់ថា​ជា​អ្នក​កាន់​ green card នៅ​សហរដ្ឋ​អាមេរិក ។ អញ្ចឹង​ វា​គឺ​ជា​រឿង​ដែល​កើត​ឡើង​ចុង​ក្រោយ​នៃ​ដំណើរ​ការ​នេះ ។ ត្រឡប់​មក​និយាយ​ពីសំណុំបែបបទធានា​វិញ ដៃ​គូត្រូវ​តែ​បាន​ជួប​គ្នា​ផ្ទាល់​ក្នុង​កំឡុង​ពេល​២ឆ្នាំ​មុន​ការ​ដាក់​ពាក្យ ត្រូវ​តែ​នៅ​ទំនេរ និង​អាច​រៀប​ការបាន​ដោយ​ស្របច្បាប់​ ។ មាន​ពត៌មាន​លំអិត​ជា​ច្រើន​ទៀត​ដែល​ពាក់​ព័ន្ធ​នឹង​រឿង​នេះ​ ដែល​ខ្ញុំ​នឹង​មិន​ពិភាក្សា​ស៊ី​ជម្រៅ​ពេក​ទេ ។ ​សន្មត់​ថា ស្ថាប័ន USCIS DHS​ បាន​ធ្វើ​ការ​សំរេច​យល់​ព្រម​លើ​ពាក្យ​ធានា ។ សំណុំរឿង​នេះ​នឹង​ត្រូវ​បញ្ជូន​​យ៉ាង​លឿន​ទៅ​កាន់​មជ្ឍមណ្ឌល​ទិដ្ឋាការ​ជាតិ ដែល​ដើរ​តួ​ដូច​ជា​កន្លែង​លាង​សំអាតឯកសារ ឬ​ទីតាំង​សំរាប់​បញ្ជូនឯកសារ ដើម្បី​បញ្ជូន​សំណុំ​រឿង​នេះ​ទៅ​កាន់ស្ថានទូត ឬ​ស្ថាន​កុងស៊ុល​ក្រៅ​ប្រទេស​ដែល​សមស្រប ហើយ​នៅ​ក្នុង​សំណុំរឿង​នេះ​គឺកម្ពុជា ។ សំណុំរឿង​នឹង​ត្រូវ​បញ្ជូន​ទៅ​រាជធានី​ភ្នំពេញនៃ​ប្រទេស​កម្ពុជា ហើយ​នៅ​ពេល​នោះ អ្នក​ត្រូវ​ធ្វើ​ការ​រត់​ការ​តាម​ដំណើរ​ការ​ជាក់លាក់​របស់​ផ្នែក​ទិដ្ឋាការនៃការិយាល័យ​កុងស៊ុល​របស់​ស្ថាន​ទូត​នៅទីនោះ ។

ទិដ្ឋាការ​ប្រភេទ​ K-1 មាន​លក្ខណៈគួរ​អោយ​ចាប់​អារម្មណ៍ ដោយ​សារ​វា​ត្រូវ​បាន​គេ​ចាត់​ទុក​ថា​ជា​ប្រភេទ​ទិដ្ឋាការ​ដែល​មាន​គោល​បំណង​ពីរ ។ បើ​យើង​និយាយ​តាម​ច្បាប់ វា​ស្ថិត​នៅ​ក្នុង​ប្រភេទ​ទិដ្ឋាការ​មិន​មែន​អន្តោ​ប្រវេសន៍ ប៉ុន្តែ​ចំពោះ​​ការ​ដំណើរ​ការ​នៅ​ក្នុង​កុងស៊ុល និង​ដំណើរ​ការនៃ​ដាក់​ពាក្យ វា​ត្រូវ​បាន​គេ​គិត​ថា​មាន​បំណងដើម្បីទទួល​បាន​​ទិដ្ឋាការ​អន្តោប្រវេសន៍ ដូចជា​​ទិដ្ឋាការប្រភេទ​ប្តី​ប្រពន្ធ​ ឬ CR-1 ឬ IR-1 ដែរ ប៉ុន្តែ​លើក​លែង​តែ​ទិដ្ឋាការប្រភេទ K-3 ។ ដូច្នេះ ជា​សរុប​រួមនៅ​ក្នុង​វីដេអូនេះ ដំណើរ​ការ​នៃ​ការ​ដាក់​ពាក្យ​សុំយក​គូដណ្ដឹងជនជាតិ​ខ្មែរ​ទៅ​កាន់​សហរដ្ឋ​អាមេរិក ចាប់​ផ្ដើម​ពី​សហរដ្ឋអាមេរិក ដំណើរ​ការ​តាម​រយៈភ្នាក់ងារ​មួយ​ចំនួន​នៅ​ទី​នោះ មុន​ពេល​បញ្ជូន​ទៅ​ដល់​ស្ថានទូតសហរដ្ឋអាមេរិកប្រចាំ​នៅ​រាជធានី​ភ្នំពេញ ។ បន្ទាប់​មក​ទៀត មាន​ឯកសារ​ជា​ច្រើន​ដែល​ពាក់​នឹង​ដំណើរ​ការ​រួម​ និង​ឯកសារ​មួយ​ចំនួន​ដែល​ត្រូវ​បកប្រែពី​ភាសាខ្មែរ ទៅ​អង់គ្លេស ។ សំរាប់​សេវាកម្ម​របស់​យើង​ខ្ញុំ​ យើង​អាច​ធ្វើ​ការ​បក​ប្រែ​ឯកសារ​ទាំង​នោះបាន​ ដែល​វា​គឺជា​ផ្នែកដ៏​សំខាន់មួយ​នៃអ្វី​​យើង​ត្រូវ​ធ្វើ​ការ​រត់​ការជាធម្មតា ។ ជា​រឿយៗ ខ្ញុំ​ត្រូវ​ទៅ​រាជធានី​ភ្នំពេញ ដើម្បី​ដោះស្រាយ​សំណុំរឿង​ជាមួយ​អតិថិជន ហើយ​ពេល​ខ្លះ​អាច​នឹង​ត្រូវ​ការ​ការ​បក​ប្រែដែរ ។ ប៉ុន្តែ​និយាយ​ជារួម​ទៅ បើ​យើង​មើល​ទៅ​លើ​លក្ខណៈទូទៅ​នៃ​ដំណើរ​ការ​នៃ​ការ​ដាក់​ពាក្យ​នេះ ហើយ​និង​អ្វី​ដែល​យើង​អាច​ជួយ​បាន​ប្រសិន​បើ​ចាំ​បាច់ គឺ​ថា​វា​ត្រូវ​ចាប់​ផ្ដើម​ចេញពី​សហរដ្ឋ​អាមេរិក ហើយ​និង​មក​ស្ថានទូត​ជា​ចុង​ក្រោយ ។ ខ្ញុំ​គិត​ថា​វា​អាច​នឹង​ទាម​ទារ​ពេល​ប្រហែល​ជា​ ៨ ឬ ៩​ខែជា​មធ្យម សំរាប់​ដំណើរ​ការ​ទាំង​អស់​ដើម្បីទទួល​បាន​ទិដ្ឋាការ​ប្រភេទ​ K-1 ។ វា​អាច​ដំណើរ​ការ​លឿន​ ឬ​យឺត​ជាង​នេះ ។ អ្វី​ដែល​ត្រូវ​ចាំ​ពាក់​ព័ន្ធ​នឹង​ពាក្យ​សុំ​ទិដ្ឋាការ​ទៅសហរដ្ឋអាមេរិក គឺ​ថា​វា​ដូច​ជា​ដុំ​ព្រិល​អញ្ចឹង ដុំ​នីមួយៗ​មាន​លក្ខណៈពិសេស​ខុសៗគ្នា ហើយ​អ្នក​អាច​នឹង​ឃើញ​ថា​សំណុំរឿង​មួយ​អាច​នឹង​ដំណើរ​ការ​យ៉ាង​លឿនដោយ​នឹក​ស្មាន​មិន​ដល់ ។ យើង​ធ្លាប់​រត់​ការ​សំណុំរឿង​មួយ​ដែល​ដំណើរ​ការ​យ៉ាង​លឿន បើ​ប្រៀបធៀប​ទៅ​នឹង​សំណុំរឿង​ផ្សេងៗ​ទៀត​ជា​មធ្យម ហើយ​ខ្ញុំ​គិត​ថា​នេះគឺ​ដោយ​សារ​តែ​វា​ទៅ​កាន់​ចំទីកន្លែង និង​ពេល​វេលាដែល​ត្រូវ​ជា​ទី​បំផុត ដែល​ធ្វើ​អោយ​វា​ដំណើរ​ការ​លឿន ខណៈពេល​ដែល​សំណុំរឿង​ខ្លះ​ដំណើរ​ការ​យឺត ។ សំណុំរឿងនីមួយៗមាន​លក្ខណៈខុសៗគ្នា​ទៅតាម​សំណុំរឿង និង​ស្ថានភាព​ផ្សេងៗគ្នា ប៉ុន្តែ​ដូច​អ្វី​ដែល​យើង​បាន​និយាយ ទិដ្ឋាការ​ប្រភេទ​ K-1 សំរាប់​ពលរដ្ឋខ្មែរ គឺ​ត្រូវ​ចាប់​ផ្ដើម​ចេញ​ពី​សហរដ្ឋ​អាមេរិក ហើយ​វា​នឹង​ត្រូវ​មក​បញ្ចប់​នៅ​ក្នុង​ប្រទេស​កម្ពុជា ។ បន្ទាប់​ពីពលរដ្ឋ​ខ្មែរនោះ​ធ្វើ​ដំណើរ​ទៅ​កាន់​សហរដ្ឋអាមេរិក​ ហើយ​រៀបការ​ជាមួយ​គូដណ្ដឹង​ដែល​មាន​សញ្ជាតិ​អាមេរិក​របស់​គេ​ហើយ ពួក​គេ​អា​ច​ដាក់​ពាក្យ​សុំ​ផ្លាស់​ប្ដូរ​ស្ថាន​ភាព​អន្តោប្រវេសន៍ និង​ទទួល​បាន​ប័ណ្ណ Green Card នៅ​ក្នុង​សហរដ្ឋអាមេរិក ។

7th December

Khmer language translation of the video found here: ទិដ្ឋាការ​ប្រភេទ K-3 ពី​ប្រទេស​កម្ពុជា

សួស្ដី! ខ្ញុំ​ឈ្មោះ Benjamin Hart ។​ ខ្ញុំ​គឺ​ជា​មេធាវី និង​ជា​នាយកគ្រប់គ្រង​នៃ​ក្រុមហ៊ុនIntegrity Legal នៅ​ក្នុងទី​ក្រុង​បាងកក​នៃប្រទេស​ថៃ ។

នៅ​ក្នុង​វីដេអូ​ថ្ងៃ​នេះ យើង​នឹង​ពិភាក្សា​ជា​ពិសេស​អំពី​​ទិដ្ឋាការមួយគឺ​ ទិដ្ឋាការ​ប្រភេទ K-3 ដែល​ជា​ប្រភេទ​ទិដ្ឋាការ​ដ៏គួរអោយ​ចាប់​អារម្មណ៍មួយ ដោយ​​ផ្តោ​ត​ទៅ​លើ​​បរិបទ​ប្រទេស​កម្ពុជា សំរាប់ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋ​ខ្មែរ​ដែល​ចង់​ដាក់​ពាក្យ​រៀបអាពាហ៍ពិពាហ៍ជា​មួយ​ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋ​អាមរិក ។ និយាយ​អោយ​ចំ​ទៅ គឺ​អ្នកដែល​​ត្រូវ​​រៀបអាពាហ៍ពិពាហ៍ជា​មួយ​ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋ​អាមេរិក ដើម្បី​ដាក់​ពាក្យ​សុំទិដ្ឋាការ​ប្រភេទ K-3 ។

ដូច​ដែល​យើងបាន​លើក​ឡើង​ខាង​លើ យើង​ស្ថិត​នៅ​ក្នុង​ទីក្រុង​បាង​កក ។ យើងបាន​រត់ការ​សំណុំរឿង​របស់ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋ​ថៃជា​ច្រើន ហើយ​ដោយ​សារ​តែ​យើង​ក៏​ស្ថិត​នៅ​​ជិត​ប្រទេស​កម្ពុជា ដែរ​នោះ ជា​ច្រើន​ឆ្នាំ​កន្លង​មក​នេះយើង​ក៏​បាន​​​រត់​ការអោយសំណុំរឿង​ជាច្រើនរបស់​​ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋខ្មែរ ឬ​សំណុំរឿង​ផ្សេងៗ​ទៀត​ដែល​មាន​ពាក់ព័ន្ធ​នឹង​ជនជាតិ​ខ្មែរ ។ ដូច្នេះ​យើងចង់​​បញ្ជាក់ថា ទិដ្ឋាការ​ប្រភេទ K-3 នេះ​ជា​ទិដ្ឋាការ​មួយ​ដ៏​គួរ​អោយ​ចាប់​អារម្មណ៍ ។

យើង​សូមពន្យល់​រៀបរាប់បន្តិច​​ថា​តើ​អ្វីជា​ទិដ្ឋាការប្រភេទ K-3 ។ ទិដ្ឋាការប្រភេទ K-3 ត្រូវ​បាន​បង្កើតឡើង​​ដោយ​យោង​តាម​ប្រការ​មួយ​ចំនួន​នៅក្នុង​ច្បាប់អាយុ​ជីវិត ដែល​ត្រូវ​បាន​បង្កើត​ឡើង​នៅ​ក្នុង​អណត្តិរបស់​ប្រធានាធិបតី Clinton នៅ​ពេល​ដែល​មាន​សំណុំរឿង​ជា​ច្រើន​ដែល​បាន​កកស្ទះ​ ពាក់​ព័ន្ធ​នឹង​ប្រភេទទិដ្ឋាការ​ប្ដី​ប្រពន្ធ គឺ CR-1 និង IR-1 ហើយ​នៅ​ក្នុង​ទំព័រ​របស់​យើង​នេះ​ ក៏​មាន​វីដេអូ​មួយ​ទៀត​ដែរ ដែល​និយាយ​ផ្ដោត​ជា​ពិសេស​ទៅលើប្រភេទ​ទិដ្ឋាការ​ CR-1 និង IR-1 នេះនៅ​ក្នុង​ប្រទេស​កម្ពុជា ។ នៅ​ពេល​នោះ​ ជា​ធម្មតា​វា​ទាម​ទារ​រយៈពេល​ជា​ច្រើន​ឆ្នាំ​ដើម្បី​បញ្ចប់​សំណុំរឿងមួយ ។ ក្រសួង​មាតុភូមិ ធ្វើ​ការ​សំរេ​ច​លើ​ពាក្យ​ធានា​សំរាប់​ទិដ្ឋាការ​ប្រភេទ​រៀប​អាពាហ៍​ពិពាហ៍ ។ ក្នុង​ពេល​ជាមួយ​គ្នា​នោះដែរ​ វា​ទាម​ទារ​ពេល​ប្រហែល ៦, ៧ ឬ​៨​ខែ ដើម្បី​ទទួល​បាន​ការ​សំរេច​យល់​ព្រម​លើសំណុំបែបបទ​ធានា​សុំ​ទិដ្ឋាការ​ប្រភេទគូដណ្ដឹង ។ ដូច្នេះ​ជា​ចុង​ក្រោយ​ អ្វី​ដែល​គេ​​ជួប​ច្រើន គឺ​​ស្ថានភាព​ដែល​សំណុំរឿងគូដណ្ដឹង​ត្រូវ​បាន​ដំណើរ​ការ​លឿន​ជាង​ប្ដីប្រពន្ធ ហើយ​យើង​សូម​បញ្ជាក់​ផងដែរ​ថា​តាម​ផ្លូវ​ច្បាប់ ជាពិសេស​ច្បាប់​អន្តោប្រវេសន៍ ​មិន​មាន​ភាព​ខុស​គ្នា​នោះ​ទេ​រវាង​ប្ដីប្រពន្ធ​ និង​គូដណ្ដឹង ដោយ​តាម​ផ្លូវ​ច្បាប់​សំណុំរឿង​ទាំង​ពីរ​នេះ​ត្រូវ​បាន​ចាត់​ទុក​ថា​ដូចគ្នា ។ បើ​គិត​តាម​ផ្លូវ​​រដ្ឋបាល​វិញ មាន​ការ​​កក​ស្ទះ​សំណុំរឿង​ទិដ្ឋាការ ឬ​សំណុំពាក្យ​ធានា​​ប្រភេទ​រៀបអាពាហ៍ពិពាហ៍ជា​ច្រើន ។ ​ខ្ញុំ​មិន​ដឹង​ថាវា​មក​ពីហេតុ​អ្វី​​ដែរនោះ​ទេ ប្រហែល​ជា​​​​អាច​បណ្ដាល​មក​ពី​ពួក​គេ​ដំណើរ​ការ​ទិដ្ឋាការ​ប្រភេទ K-1បានយ៉ាង​មាន​ប្រសិទ្ធិភាព​ជាង ឬ​មក​ពី​មាន​សំណុំរឿងទិដ្ឋាការ​ប្រភេទ K-1មាន​ចំនួន​តិច​ ប៉ុន្តែនៅ​ពេល​នោះ​វា​ទាម​ទារ​ពេល​ជា​ច្រើន​ឆ្នាំដើម្បី​ទទួល​បាន​ការ​ដំណើរ​ការ​ពាក្យ​សុំ​ធានា​សំរាប់​ការ​រៀបការ​ជាមួយ​ពលរដ្ឋ​អាមេរិក ដោយ​ក្នុង​ខណៈពេល​ជាមួយ​គ្នា​នោះ វា​ទាម​ទារ​ពេល​ត្រឹម​តែ​ប៉ុន្មាន​ខែ​ប៉ុណ្ណោះ​សំរាប់​សំណុំរឿង​គូដណ្ដឹង ។ ដូច្នេះហើយ ទើប​ពួក​គេបាន​​បង្កើតទិដ្ឋាការ​​ប្រភេទ K-3 ដោយ​និយាយថា «ប្រសិនបើ​អ្នក​បាន​ដាក់​ពាក្យ​ធានា​​ប្ដី​ឬប្រពន្ធ​របស់​អ្នក​តាម​ប្រភេទទិដ្ឋាការ CR-1 ឬ IR-1ជា​ធម្មតាហើយ អ្នក​អាច​ដាក់​ពាក្យ​មួយ​ទៀត​ ដោយ​សុំទិដ្ឋាការ​ប្រភេទ K-3 វិញ» ។ អ្នក​គ្រាន់​តែ​ដាក់​ពាក្យ​ម្តង​ទៀត​តាម​ទិដ្ឋាការ​ប្រភេទ K ។ នោះ​​ហើយ​គឺ​ជា​អ្វី​ដែល​ពួក​គេ​បាន​ធ្វើ ។ ពួក​គេ​គ្រាន់​តែទាញ​យក​សំណុំរឿងទិដ្ឋាការរៀបការ​ទាំង​នេះ​ហើយនិយាយ​ថា អូខេ សំណុំរឿង​នេះ​ត្រូវ​បាន​ដាក់​ពាក្យ​ហើយ​ អ្នក​ត្រូវ​បញ្ជាក់​ថា​ពាក្យ​ធានា​របស់​អ្នក​ត្រូវ​បាន​ដាក់តាម​ដំណើរការ​​ដូច​ដែល​គេ​ធ្វើសំរាប់​គូដណ្ដឹង ។ ជា​លទ្ធផល K-3  គឺ​ជា​ពាក្យ​ដែល​ត្រូវ​បាន​គេ​ប្រើ​សំរាប់​ទិដ្ឋាការ​ប្រភេទ​រៀបការ​ជាមួយ​ពលរដ្ឋ​អាមេរិក ប៉ុន្តែតាម​ពិត ​វិធីតាម​ទំលាប់ដែល​​គេត្រូវ​​ធ្វើ​ដើម្បី​នាំអ្នក​ណា​ម្នាក់​មក​កាន់​សហរដ្ឋ​អាមេរិកគឺ​តាម​រយៈទិដ្ឋាការប្រភេទ CR-1 ឬ IR-1 ។ ទិដ្ឋាការ​ប្រភេទ​ K-3 ត្រូវ​បាន​គេ​ប្រើ​ជា​ទូទៅនៅ​ក្នុង​សំណុំរឿង​នេះ ពី​ព្រោះមនុស្ស​ទូទៅ​ស៊ាំនឹង​ការ​រត់​ការ​ប្រភេទ​ K-3 ដោយ​សារ​តែ​វា​គឺ​ជា​វិធី​ដ៏​មាន​ប្រសិទ្ធភាព​ក្នុង​ការ​នាំយក​ប្ដី​ឬប្រពន្ធ​មក​កាន់​សហរដ្ឋអាមេរិក ។ វា​ជា​រឿង​មួយ​ដ៏​​គួរ​អោយ​ចាប់​អារម្មណ៍​ដែរ​ ដោយ​សារ​តែ​ ទិដ្ឋាការ​ប្រភេទ​ K-3 នៅ​តែ​តំរូវ​អោយ​មាន​ការ​ផ្លាស់​ប្តូរ​ស្ថានភាព​អន្តោប្រវេសន៍​របស់​អ្នក​ទៅ​ជា​អ្នក​រស់នៅ​ជាអចិន្ត្រៃ​យ៍​ដោយ​ស្របច្បាប់ ។ សំរាប់​អ្នក​ដែល​ចង់​ដឹង​អំពី​ដំណើរ​​ការ​ក្នុង​ការ​ផ្លាស់​ប្ដូរស្ថានភាព​អន្តោប្រវេសន៍ សូម​ចូល​ទៅ​មើល​វីដេអូនៅក្នុង​ទំព័រ​នេះផង​ដែរ​ដែល​ពិភាក្សា​ជាពិសេស​អំពី​ដំណើរ​ការ​នៃការ​ផ្លាស់ប្ដូរ​នេះ ប៉ុន្តែអ្វី​ដែល​យើង​នឹង​ពិភាក្សា​នៅ​ថ្ងៃ​នេះគឺ ទិដ្ឋាការ​ប្រភេទ​ K-3 ។ ទោះ​បី​ជា​ទិដ្ឋាការ​ប្រភេទនេះអាច​នឹង​មាន​ប្រយោជន៍​នៅ​ក្នុង​លក្ខខណ្ឌសព្វថ្ងៃ​នេះ ក៏​ប៉ុន្តែ​កាល​ពី​មុនគឺ​មាន​បទបញ្ជា​រដ្ឋបាល​ ដែល​ជា​គោលនយោបាយ​បិទតាម​បែបរដ្ឋបាល ដែល​ត្រូវ​បាន​អនុវត្ត​ដោយ​មជ្ឈមណ្ឌលទិដ្ឋាការ​ជាតិ ដែល​ជា​ធម្មតា​និយាយថា «ឥឡូវ​មើល ទិដ្ឋាការ​ប្រភេទ​ K-3 ត្រូវ​បាន​បង្កើតឡើង​សំរាប់​ស្ថានភាព​ដែល​ទិដ្ឋាការ​ប្រភេទ​រៀបការឬ​ទិដ្ឋាការ​ប្រភេទ​អន្តោប្រវេសន៍ ត្រូវ​បាន​បាត់​នៅ​ក្នុង​គំនរ​ឯកសារ​កក​ស្ទះ​របស់​ស្ថាប័ន USCIS​ ។ តាម​ពិត​ទៅ​ វា​មិនមែន​បាត់​នោះ​ទេ ប៉ុន្តែ​គឺវា​ជាប់ ​នៅ​ក្នុង​គំនរ​ឯកសារ​កក​ស្ទះ​របស់​ស្ថាប័ន USCIS ។ ដូច្នេះហើយ​ ប្រសិន​បើ​យើង​ទទួល​បាន​ពាក្យ​ធានា​សំរាប់​ទិដ្ឋាការ​ប្រភេទ​ K-3 មុន យើង​នឹង​ដំណើរ​ការ​ទិដ្ឋាការនេះ​មុន ប៉ុន្តែ​ប្រសិន​បើ​យើង​ទទួល​បាន​ពាក្យ​ធានា​សំរាប់​ទិដ្ឋាការ​ប្រភេទ​អន្តោប្រវេសន៍​សំរាប់ប្តីប្រពន្ធ​មុន យើងនឹង​ដំណើរ​ការ​ទិដ្ឋាការ​នេះ​មុន ហើយ​យើង​នឹង​ទុកពាក្យ​សុំ​ទិដ្ឋាការ​ប្រភេទ​ K-3ជា​មោឃៈ» ។ នេះ​ជា​រឿង​ដ៏​សំខាន់​ ពី​ព្រោះ​តួនាទី​របស់​មជ្ឈមណ្ឌលទិដ្ឋាការ​ជាតិក្នុង​ដំណើរ​ការ​ទិដ្ឋាការ​អន្តោប្រវេសន៍​ មាន​លក្ខណៈ​ខុស​ពី​ទិដ្ឋាការ​ប្រភេទ K ។ សំរាប់​ទិដ្ឋាការ​ប្រភេទ K​ មជ្ឈមណ្ឌលទិដ្ឋាការ​ជាតិ គ្រាន់​តែ​ផ្ញើ​ឯកសារ​សំណុំរឿង​នោះ​ទៅកាន់​ស្ថានទូត​ដែល​ពាក់​ព័ន្ធ ហើយ​ស្ថានទូត​នឹង​ដំណើរ​ការ​សំណុំរឿងនោះ​តាម​ដំណើរការ​របស់​ស្ថានកុងស៊ុល ។ ចំណែកឯក្នុង​សំណុំរឿង​ទិដ្ឋាការ​ប្រភេទ​អន្តោប្រវេសន៍​វិញ ដំណើរ​ការ​របស់​មជ្ឈមណ្ឌលទិដ្ឋាការ​ជាតិមាន​សភាព​យឺតយ៉ាវ ព្រោះមជ្ឈមណ្ឌលទិដ្ឋាការ​ជាតិត្រូវ​ធ្វើ​ការ​ទទួល​យក​ឯកសារនិង​បញ្ចូល​ពត៌មាន​ ហើយ​ខ្ញុំ​មិន​និយាយ​ថា​មជ្ឈមណ្ឌលនេះ​ធ្វើ​ការ​សំរេច​ចេញ​ទិដ្ឋាការ​នោះ​ទេ ប៉ុន្តែ​ពួក​គេ​ធ្វើ​ការ​ត្រួត​ពិនិត្យ​ដោយ​ល្អិត​ល្អន់ ដើម្បី​ធានា​អោយ​ប្រាកដ​ថា ពួកគេ​មាន​ពត៌មាន​គ្រប់គ្រាន់ដើម្បី​បន្តដំណើរ​ការ និង​ដាក់​ថ្ងៃ​ណាត់​សំភាស ។ ដូច្នេះប្រសិន​បើ​អ្នក​អាច​ដាក់​ពាក្យ​សុំ​ទិដ្ឋាការ​ប្រភេទ​ K-3 ហើយ​ត្រូវ​បាន​គេ​សំរេច​យល់​ព្រមលើ​ពាក្យ​សុំ នោះទិដ្ឋាការ​ប្រភេទ​ K-3 នេះ​នៅ​តែ​ដំណើរ​ការ​លឿន​ជាង​ទិដ្ឋាការប្រភេទ​អន្តោប្រវេសន៍ ។ ទោះ​បី​ជា​យ៉ាង​ណា​ក៏​ដោយ ​ខ្ញុំ​នៅ​តែ​យល់​ថា មជ្ឈមណ្ឌលទិដ្ឋាការ​ជាតិនៅ​តែ​រក្សា​គោលនយោបាយ​បិទតាម​បែប​រដ្ឋបាល ដែល​ពួកគេ​ត្រូវ​ដំណើរ​ការ​សំណុំរឿង​អន្តោប្រវេសន៍​មុន ។ ​ឥឡូវ​នេះ​ ការ​ដំណើរ​ការ​សំណុំរឿង​អន្តោប្រវេសន៍​ជា​ពិសេស​គឺ​សំណុំរឿង​ប្ដីឬ​ប្រពន្ធ​របស់​ពលរដ្ឋ​អាមេរិក ត្រូវ​បាន​កាត់​បន្ថយ​យ៉ាង​ច្រើន ។ ស្ថាប័ន USCIS បាន​ចាត់​វិធានការ​សំខាន់ៗជាច្រើន​​ដើម្បី​ធ្វើ​អោយ​និតិវិធី​របស់​ពួកគេ​កាន់​តែ​មាន​ប្រសិទ្ធិភាព ហើយ​ពួកគេ​បាន​ធ្វើ​វា​អោយ​កាន់​តែមាន​ប្រសិទ្ធិភាព​ឡើង ។​ ខ្ញុំ​គិត​ថា​ពួកគេ​មាន​បុគ្គលិក​ច្រើន​ជាង​មុន ហើយ​ក៏មាន​រឿង​ច្រើន​ដែរដែល​ត្រូវ​ដោះ​ស្រាយពាក់​ព័ន្ធ​នឹង​​សំណុំរឿង​ទាំង​នោះ ហើយ​ពួក​គេ​ក៏​មាន​ធនធាន​ជាច្រើន​ដែរ​ដើម្បី​អោយ​សំណុំរឿង​ទាំង​អស់​នោះ​បាន​ដំណើរ​ការ​ទៅមុខ ដែល​ជា​លទ្ធផល គឺ​ខ្ញុំ​មិន​និយាយ​ថា​ទិដ្ឋាការ​ប្រភេទ​ K-3 ​ផុត​សម័យលែង​ត្រូវ​បាន​គេ​ប្រើប្រាស់​​នោះ​ទេ ប៉ុន្តែគឺវា​លែង​សូវ​ចាំបាច់​ក្នុង​ការ​ប្រើប្រាស់​ដូច​កាលពីពេល​ដែល​​វា​ត្រូវ​បាន​បង្កើត​ពីដំបូង​នោះ​ទេ ។ ដោយ​សារ​មូលហេតុនេះ​ហើយ ទើប​ខ្ញុំ​គិត​ថា​អ្នក​អាច​នឹង​ឃើញ​សំណុំរឿង​ទិដ្ឋាការ​ប្រភេទ​K-3​ កាន់​តែ​តិច​ទៅៗដែល​នឹង​ត្រូវ​ដំណើរ​ការ​នៅ​ក្នុង​ប្រទេស​កម្ពុជា ឬ​ប្រទេស​ផ្សេងៗទៀត ។


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