Integrity Legal

8th April 2009

What is Advance Parole?

It is an immigration travel document conferred by the USA.


Unlike a re-entry  permit, advance parole is granted to those who have yet to obtain lawful permanent resident status.  For the purposes of this post we will discuss advance parole with regard to the K1 Visa. Since the K1 Visa is a non-immigrant single entry visa  advance parole may be a necessity if one enters the United States and would like to subsequently leave after entry with permission to return upon the same visa. This is especially important in terms of adjustment of status. When a Thai spouse enters the USA on a K1 Visa she must adjust status in order to obtain lawful permanent residence (a “Green Card,” to use the colloquial term). Should she leave the US while the adjustment is still processing, her adjustment application will be canceled and the visa process will have to start all over again in order for her to re-enter the USA. Therefore, advance parole is a very important concept in terms of US Family Immigration. (Although a K-3 Visa is a non-immigrant visa it is a multiple entry visa so the issues of advance parole aren’t as important)

Advance Parole and US Possessions and Territories

In previous articles about advance parole, I have written about my hesitance to advise those in the USA on a K1 Visa to travel to certain possessions of the United States. I still renew this caution, but I believe some clarification of the travel issue can be found in the definition of “United States” found at 8 CFR Chapter 12 Subchapter 1 § 1101 (a) (38):

“The term “United States”, except as otherwise specifically herein provided, when used in a geographical sense, means the continental United States, Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Virgin Islands of the United States.”

This definition begs the question, “What about other possessions of the United States?”

Advance Parole Document

The United States is also in possession of : American Samoa, Palau, the Northern Marianas Islands, and the Marshall Islands. The United States is also in a compact of Free Association with the Federated States of Micronesia. It would appear from the definition of “United States,” provided in the Immigration and Nationality Act that one would need to obtain advance parole in order to travel to any of these minor US outlying possessions because they are not part of the United States for the purposes of the Immigration and Nationality Act.

I think it may be wise to look at issues of advance parole on a spectrum:

Travel within the 50 US States: No need for Advance Parole

Travel to Puerto Rico, the US Virgin Islands, or Guam after entry into the US on a K1 Visa: it would appear that one can travel to these possessions, but there may be an issue because these territories are not technically within the USA. I would strongly recommend against traveling to these locations (unless absolutely necessary and after consultation with a competent US visa lawyer in your jurisdiction)  until after the adjustment of status process is complete.

Travel to American Samoa, Palau, the Northern Marianas Islands, and the Marshall Islands: Pursuant to the INA’s definition of “United States” it would be highly inadvisable to travel to one of these places without first obtaining advance parole because these locations do not fall within the definition of “United States,” as the author reads it.

Travel to any other state not mentioned above: Advance parole a definite necessity.

Hopefully, this post has shed some light upon this subject, but as always, do not use any of the above as a substitute or in any way in lieu of legal advice from a competent licensed attorney with experience in US Immigration matters.


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5 Responses to “US K1 Fiancee Visa: Advance Parole Information”

  1. GarykPatton says:

    Hi! I like your srticle and I would like very much to read some more information on this issue. Will you post some more?

  2. Veronic says:

    Great blog post, I had a hard time finding this information on the internet, feel lucky I found this post, thanks a lot!

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  4. [...] 8.US K1 Fiancee Visa: Advance Parole Information « Integrity Legal Unlike a re-entry  permit, advance parole is granted to those who have yet to obtain lawful permanent resident status.  For the purposes of this post we will discuss advance parole with regard to the K1 Visa. … Hi! I like your srticle and I would like very much to read some more information on this issue. http://integrity-legal.com/legal-blog/us-visa-immigration/us-fiancee-visa-advance-parole/ [...]

  5. [...] Us K1 Fiancee Visa: Advance Parole Information « Integrity Legal Blog [...]

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